Scientists Are Wrong About DNA molecules binding theory all these days, and they are held together of Hydrophobic forces between them. It is against the existing theory of DNA binding. The research is paying the new way for the study of life sciences. All these days it is believed hydrogens binds the two sides of them.
In the recent researches, they found water is the key to bind these molecules together, and these results are available in the PNAS journal. The DNA two strips made up of sugar molecules and phosphate groups and with nitrogen bases between them. These are the genes that help in the development of organisms. Scientist assumed that these two sections of DNA are held together by hydrogen, which is not true.
The Chalmers University researchers say that the DNA has a helical structure which is due to the hydrophobic interior molecules, in a water environment. So, it is a hydrophilic environment, and the nitrogen molecules are hydrophobic that pushes away the water. When both hydrophobic molecules and hydrophilic environment are present, they combine to form a strong group so, that they can minimize the harm caused due to water to them. All thee days the Scientists Are Wrong About DNA structure togetherness and it is due to the hydrophobic forces.
Scientists Are Wrong About DNA Binding
The hydrogen bonds will help to sort the base pairs, which considered as a reason for the strands to connect. It will fit properly in this hydrophilic sequences that keep them bond together.
Cells replicate the DNA to form the organism, and for this, they need to produce a catalyst protein that creates a hydrophobic environment around them. They always protect them from a hydrophobic environment that may contain harmful molecules. To read, write, and analyze data from DNA strands, cells expose them to a hydrophobic environment. All the other times, cells protect by keeping in water solutions.
Reproduction based on base pairs opening and multiplying one another. Now Helix of both sides copied by enzymes that create new DNA strands. For repairing and replica process, these exposed to the hydrophobic environment. An intermediate protein of cells forms this environment which is center for all repairs of DNA. So, this catalyst protein is the main thing fighting us from serious health sickness.
Study of these proteins will help us find many solutions like cancer. The RecA is the protein that repairs DNA structures. To find solutions for cancer, we need to know the protein, and for that, we should study the DNA. The research about this hydrophobic environment and their reactions benefits we can now further research about the protein.
As, till date, everyone believed the hydrogen molecule responsible for binding so, no one has exposed the DNA in the hydrophilic environment and tested. So, the results will be unique, and that will help to know the structure better.
DNA is Together By Hydrophobic Forces
The first experiment using hydrophobic solution polyethylene glycol and slowly changed the conditions form hydrophilic to a hydrophobic environment. They want to check at what time the spiral structure will destroy. The result is when the solution changes the borderline from hydrophilic to hydrophobic, and the structure started to clear up.
They also observed that holes formed when the base pairs split from each other that allows the water to come. But DNA always the dry Interiors it comes back again with these pairs coming together and squeezes out the water. Whereas in the hydrophobic environment, there is no water which makes it stay in place. Also, read about Geneticists Are Untangling The Mystery Of Left-Handedness